Only six months after the re-election, the Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, has fulfilled two important promises of his first Hindu agenda, electrifying his base but sowing concern among liberals and the Muslim minority of the nation.
The last impulse for Modi came on Saturday, when the Supreme Court handed over to the Hindu groups control of a disputed site where a 16th-century mosque was razed two decades ago, paving the way for the construction of a temple there that during It was a long time a choice. Promise of the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).
That followed the New Delhi movement in August to strip Kashmir occupied by the Muslim majority of India of its special status in what the Modi government said was an attempt to integrate the restless region with the rest of predominantly Hindu India. .
Now, the BJP can move towards the delivery of its third traditional plank: create a uniform civil code that eliminates the independence of religious communities.
Examine: What the Ayodhya ruling of the Supreme Court means for the future of the Republic of India
“After only a few months of Modi 2.0, they achieved two of three (main cultural goals). It's very possible that they will achieve all three for next year, "said Milan Vaishnav, principal member of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington D.C.
"It is surprising that the government has moved with a clarity of purpose in its social agenda that is completely absent when it comes to economic matters," Vaishnav added in reference to the slowdown of economic growth to the country's red hot.
Many Muslims have seen with a mixture of fear and resignation how the BJP has become the almost indisputable political force of the officially secular country.
The controversial site in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh has been one of the most explosive issues in the nation of 1.3 billion, where Muslims make up approximately 14 percent of the population.
In 1992, a concentration led by the BJP and affiliated organizations got out of control and a Hindu mafia destroyed the Babri Masjid in the city of Ayodhya. That triggered riots in which some 2,000 people, most of them Muslim, were killed throughout the country.
In its verdict on Saturday, the Supreme Court called the demolition of the mosque illegal, but handed over the land to the Hindus, who believe the site is the birthplace of Lord Ram, a much-revered king-god. The court ordered that another plot in Ayodhya be provided to a Muslim group that challenged the case.
In more than a dozen interviews, Muslim community leaders, businessmen and students said they respected the verdict, but it exacerbated their sense of alienation.
“Why did the court issue a ruling that is completely unilateral? Was the court under pressure? We don't know We can't trust anyone now. There is no open door for us, ”said the leader of the local Muslim community, Azam Quadri, during the evening prayers in Ayodhya.
& # 39; It is best to be insensitive & # 39;
While Modi himself has said that the verdict of the court should not be seen as a "victory or loss" for anyone, many Muslims Reuters He spoke with resignation expressed after the ruling.
Some were bitter that an investigation of the demolition has been prolonged inconclusively for three decades and that many of the politicians accused of conspiring to demolish the mosque are prominent members of the BJP. Those people have said the demolition was spontaneous and unplanned.
"I feel humiliated by the verdict of the Supreme Court," said a wealthy Muslim businessman from Mumbai, who refused to give his name. “Others do not care. They have become numb. It is better to be insensitive in Modi India. "
Some people believe that the Hindu nationalists, galvanized by the triumph of Ayodhya, could focus their attention on two other mosques in Uttar Pradesh who believe that the Mughal conquerors built on the remains of Hindu temples centuries ago.
"This (verdict) seems to generate incentives for Hindus to tear down mosques and relocate," said Neelanjan Sircar, an assistant professor at Ashoka University, near New Delhi.
Another probable move is the uniform civil code.
New Delhi has already taken steps to create such a code, with the parliament led by the BJP in July prohibiting the centennial right of a Muslim man to instantly divorce his wife. While many activists thought the Muslim custom was wrong, some Muslim groups said Modi was attacking them while turning a blind eye to discrimination in Hindu society.
Despite the focus on social problems, political analysts predict that the government and the BJP will have to quickly shift attention to a fallen economy and rising unemployment or the risk of losing popular support.
India, long regarded as the world's fastest growing large economy, has experienced an economic expansion that weakens to a minimum of six years.
Two university students, one Hindu and one Muslim, in the capital of Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow, said separately after the court verdict that they expected the government to focus now on economic issues.
"This case has lasted so long […] Now that everything is ready, more economic problems may arise, ”said Rajat Mishra, a business student.
"Attention can now go beyond issues of religion," said 22-year-old medical student Irfan, who refused to give his last name.