India’s SC says temple to be built on disputed Ayodhya site, alternative land to be provided for mosque – World

The Supreme Court of India announced on Saturday its verdict on a disputed land where Hindu radicals demolished a 16th-century mosque in 1992, ruled in favor of Hindus and said a temple will be built in the land of Ayodhya.

The court noted that the demolition of the 460-year-old Babri mosque in 1992 was a violation of the law and ordered that Muslims be provided with a five-acre alternative land in a prominent and prominent location for a mosque. The land for the mosque will be acquired by the government, the court ruled, according to Scroll.in, in a historical trial destined to end a legal and sectarian battle bitter and decades old.

The unanimous decision of the court is likely to have a significant impact on tense relations between the Hindus and the Muslims of India, which constitute 14 percent of its 1.3 billion people.

The Sunni Muslim group involved in the case said it would likely file a petition for review, which could trigger another prolonged legal battle.

"This is not justice," said the group's lawyer, Zafaryab Jilani, quoted by Reuters.

According to The Hindu, the superior court ordered the government to formulate a scheme within three months under the Ayodhya Act of 1993 and establish a trust. Until trust is formed, ownership of the site will fall to the Center. The Shiite petition was dismissed.

"There is adequate material in the ASI report to conclude the following: Babri Masjid was not built on vacant land. There was an underlying structure to the disputed structure. The underlying structure was not an Islamic structure," said the Supreme Court, according to Scroll.in.

"But the ASI report does not say if the structure was demolished for the mosque. It has left this critical point unanswered: if the temple was demolished for the mosque."

"This court must accept the faith and accept the beliefs of the faithful," said the president of the Supreme Court of India, Ranjan Gogoi. "The court must preserve the balance."

A Hindu pilgrim reveres an image of the Hindu deities Rama, Sita and Lakshman in Ayodhya, India, on Saturday. ─ AP

The verdict is a great victory for the Hindu nationalists under Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who had promised to build the temple in the 2014 elections that brought him to power.

"The halls of justice have amicably concluded an issue that has been going on for decades. On each side, each point of view was given adequate time and opportunity to express different points of view," Modi said after the ruling. "This verdict will further increase people's faith in judicial proceedings."

Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi opposed the verdict, which coincides with the inauguration of the Kartarpur Corridor today, and said Pakistan will issue its response after reviewing the trial in detail.

"Could [verdict] Haven't you waited a few days? I am deeply saddened by the insensitivity shown on such a joyful occasion, "he said as he spoke with DawnNewsTV. "You should have participated in this happy occasion and not tried to divert attention. The dispute is a sensitive issue and should not have been part of this happy day."

The fight

In this file photo of October 29, 1990, an Indian security officer guards the Babri Mosque in Ayodhya, closing the disputed site claimed by Muslims and Hindus. – AP / File

In the 1980s, when Hindu nationalism and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) began to strengthen, pressure increased for the mosque to be torn down and replaced by a glorious Hindu temple.

In 1992, an Indian mafia estimated at 200,000 did exactly that, reducing the mosque to rubble.

This unleashed some of the worst religious disturbances from the bloody partition of India to the end of British colonial rule in 1947, leaving around 2,000 people dead, mainly Muslims.

Hindu extremists said they wanted to build a new temple for the Hindu god Ram on the site, which they venerate as their birthplace. They said the mosque was built after a temple dedicated to the Hindu god was destroyed by Muslim invaders.

After the demolition of the mosque, Hindus and Muslims took the matter to a lower court, which in 2010 ruled that the land in dispute should be divided into three parts: two for Hindus and one for Muslims.

That was questioned in the Supreme Court by the two communities represented by the Hindu Maha Sabha, the Sunni Waqf Board and the Nirmohi Akhara.

The five judges began daily proceedings in August after mediation could not find a compromise.

Modi in a series of tweets He appealed for peace before the verdict. He had previously warned his council of ministers to make unnecessary statements on the subject that could stoke public sentiments.

The calls for peace also came from Hindu and Muslim organizations and from various political leaders. The Ministry of Interior of India has asked all states to be on alert.

Strict security for judges

Security outside the residences of the five judges at the constitution bank was reinforced in Delhi, he said India today. The safety of the president of the Gogoi court was updated to Z-plus.

Security has been stepped up in the Indian city of Ayodhya before a Supreme Court verdict on the future of a religious site in dispute. ─ AFP

At least 40,000 police officers have been deployed in Mumbai, according to Scroll.in, while drones and CCTVs will be used to monitor the situation. "We are prepared to face any eventuality," said DCP Pranay Ashok. “We are also monitoring online activities through our social media wing. We will block objectionable publications and content as necessary to ensure that rumors do not spread. "

Authorities increased security in Ayodhya, 550 kilometers east of New Delhi, and deployed more than 5,000 paramilitary forces to prevent any attacks by Hindu activists against Muslims, which comprise 6{7be40b84a6a43fc4fae13304fce9a2695859798abfc41afd127b9f8b21c5f9c5} of the city's more than 55,500 people.

Earlier, authorities banned the gathering of more than four people in a place in and around Ayodhya, a city in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh.

The Uttar Pradesh government ordered that all schools and colleges remain closed until Monday.

Source: https://www.dawn.com/news/1515829/indias-sc-says-temple-to-be-built-on-disputed-ayodhya-site-alternative-land-to-be-provided-for-mosque

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