Dawn.com reviews the main events since August 5, when India unilaterally annexed Kashmir.
On November 3, the closure imposed in occupied Kashmir on August 5 by the Indian government crossed ninety days. The repression of security and communication has entered its fourth month.
With the increase in international pressure to restore freedoms, Indian authorities claim that they have "eased" some restrictions, such as lifting obstacles and restoring landlines and some mobile phone services. However, the scenario for 12.5 million Kashmiris is far from normal.
The closure disrupted businesses and schools and demoralized people. Mass arrests of Kashmir leaders were made when the government announced the revocation of the special status of the occupied Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 of the Indian constitution.
Subsequently, on October 31, the region was divided into two so-called federal territories.
Here, Dawn.com reviews the main events that have occurred in the last 3 months in relation to occupied Kashmir.
August 3: tourists flee, the accumulation of troops creates panic
Thousands of tourists and students rushed to look for places on airplanes and buses leaving the Kashmir occupied by the Indians after the Indian government warned of the threat of "terrorist" attacks. Panic seized Kashmir since late July after India announced the deployment of at least 10,000 more soldiers in one of the highest militarized areas in the world.
August 5: India revokes Article 370 by presidential decree rushed
With an indefinite security blockade in Kashmir (IoK) occupied by India and representatives elected under house arrest, the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) of India stripped cashmerers of the special autonomy they had for seven decades through an order rushed presidential.
By repealing article 370 of the constitution, people from the rest of India will now have the right to acquire property in occupied Kashmir and settle there permanently. Cashmere and critics of the Hindu government led by Hindu nationalists see the measure as an attempt to dilute the demography of the Muslim majority of Kashmir with Hindu settlers.
August 8: 500 arrested, challenged in the Supreme Court repression
Indian security forces arrested more than 500 people since 5 August.
The opposition opposition party activist Tehseen Poonawalla filed a petition in the superior court of India to challenge the blockade, seeking the immediate removal of the curfew and other restrictions, including the blocking of telephone lines, internet and news channels in Kashmir.
It also requested the immediate release of detained Kashmiri leaders, including Omar Abdullah and Mehbooba Mufti.
August 9: Thousands protest the new state despite repression
Indian police used tear gas and pellets to defend themselves against at least 10,000 people protesting the withdrawal of special rights from Delhi to Jammu and Kashmir in their main city of Srinagar.
Police pushed back the crowd at the Aiwa bridge, where a witness said tear gas and rubber bullets were used against them. "Some women and children even jumped into the water," said a witness at the Srinagars Sher-e-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, where victims of pellets were admitted.
"They (the police) attacked us from two sides," said another witness.
August 14 and 15: Pakistan observes the & # 39; Kashmir Solidarity Day & # 39 ;, the & # 39; Black Day & # 39;
Pakistan observed Independence Day as "Kashmir Solidarity Day" to express solidarity with cashmere and highlight its difficult situation. On August 14, Prime Minister Imran Khan, addressing a special session of the legislative assembly Azad Jammu and Kashmir, warned Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi that any Indian action in Pakistan would be countered with a stronger response.
On August 15, Independence Day of India, it was observed as Black Day throughout Pakistan. Prime Minister Imran warned that if the ethnic cleansing of Muslims took place in the region, there would be serious repercussions in the Muslim world.
August 16: UNSC discussion in Kashmir lies to the Indian claim
For the first time since 1965, the UN Security Council (UNSC) held a meeting exclusively on the occupied Jammu and Kashmir, nullifying India's claim that this was an internal matter.
Although the council did not agree with a statement, China's ambassador to the UN, Zhang Jun, summarized the discussions and expressed serious concern about the situation.
"The members of the UNSC are concerned about the human rights situation there and (they want) that the interested parties refrain from taking any unilateral action that may further aggravate the tension there since the situation is already very tense and very dangerous" , said.
August 18: Thousands of detainees since India took the autonomy
A magistrate, speaking with AFP On condition of anonymity, he said that since August 5, at least 4,000 people were arrested and held under the Public Security Law (PSA), a controversial law that allows authorities to imprison someone for up to two years without charges or trial. .
"Most of them were transferred outside Kashmir because the prisons here have run out of capacity," said the magistrate, adding that he had used a satellite phone assigned to him to collate the numbers of colleagues throughout the Himalayan territory in between. of a communications blackout imposed by authorities.
August 23: Kashmir defies the curbs, collides with the Indian forces
The occupation forces used tear gas against residents who threw stones at Srinagar, after a third consecutive week of protests in the restless Soura district despite the imposition of strict restrictions.
"We are not safe at home or abroad," said Rouf, who refused to give his full name. He had rubbed the salt on his face to counteract the effects of tear gas.
Police tried to enter Soura, which has become the center of the protests, as hundreds of locals organized a protest march against Modi's decision to withdraw autonomy. The posters appeared overnight in Srinagar, calling for a march to the office of the UN Military Observer Group for India and Pakistan, to protest against India's decision.
August 26: India prevents politicians visit occupied Kashmir
Indian authorities defended the blockade of opposition politicians from visiting occupied Kashmir, saying it was to "avoid controversy", as the paralyzing security blockade entered its fourth week.
The administration of occupied Kashmir returned a delegation from the main opposition leaders of India, including former Congress president Rahul Gandhi, shortly after they landed in Srinagar. Subsequently, Rahul Gandhi said he had experienced firsthand "the draconian administration and the brute force unleashed on the Jammu and Kashmir people."
August 30: Stories of torture emerge, India tries to portray the & # 39; normality & # 39;
People in occupied Kashmir accused the Indian security forces of carrying out beatings and torture following the government’s decision to strip the region of its autonomy,[[[[BBC news reported]While India was trying to portray the "calm, normalcy" in the region.
the BBC I heard several villagers who said they were hit with sticks and cables and received electric shocks. The author of the article, journalist Sameer Hashmi, wrote that residents of several villages showed him injuries. "The doctors and health officials are not willing to talk to journalists about any patient, regardless of the ailments, but the villagers showed me injuries allegedly inflicted by security forces," he said.
September 3: Thousands march to the High Commission of India in London while the closure enters on the 30th
Thousands of protesters held a demonstration in London to express solidarity with the people of Kashmir occupied by the Indians, when a paralyzing blockade entered its thirtieth day.
More than 5,000 protesters gathered in Parliament Square in the British capital and marched to the High Commission of India to protest the oppression of Kashmir at the hands of Indian security forces. Protesters carrying banners and waving Kashmir flags chanted slogans of "Terrorist Terrorist, Modi is a Terrorist!" and "Hum chheen kay lain gay – azaadi!" (We will take by force – freedom!).
September 5: Amnesty International launches an & # 39; urgent campaign & # 39; to end the blackout
Amnesty International India launched a global campaign in an attempt to highlight the human cost of a month's imprisonment in occupied Kashmir.
"The blackout of draconian communication in [occupied] Kashmir is a scandalous and prolonged assault against the civil liberties of the people of Kashmir, "reads a press release from the human rights control body.
"In response to this indefinite communication blockade, Amnesty International India launched the #LetKashmirSpeak campaign on September 5, 2019, which marks a month of the communication blockade, to request the immediate lifting of the blockade," Amnesty International India said.
September 15: Number of protests held since August 5 more than 700
A high-ranking government source said that since August 5, an average of 20 protests per day took place in Kashmir occupied against Indian rule. Despite the curfew, restrictions on movement and the severe reduction of internet and mobile phone services, public demonstrations against India, mainly in the largest city of Srinagar, have been constant, the official said.
In total, 722 protests were recorded since August 5, with the Baramulla district in the northwest and Pulwama in the south, the most important points after Srinagar, the source said.
September 21: Lockdown puts the economy in a tailspin
In one of the world's largest apple growing regions, the blockade cut transport links with buyers in India and abroad, which plunged the industry into a crisis. Despite being the time of harvest, the market in the town of Sopore, in northern Kashmir, usually full of people, trucks and agricultural products at this time of year, remained empty, while in apple orchards not collected occupied Jammu and Kashmir rot on the branch.
September 28: Pakistan, Turkey and Malaysia speak for cashmere at UNGA
Prime Minister Imran arrived in the United States for a week of global diplomacy, with his trip called & # 39; Kashmir Mission & # 39 ;. The highlight of his 45-minute speech at the 74th session of the United Nations General Assembly in New York was an intense criticism of India for its annexation of occupied Kashmir and the continuing restrictions imposed on the region .
"(Almost) 100,000 cashmere have died in the last 30 years because they were denied their right to self-determination. Eleven thousand women were raped. The world has done nothing," he said. "What will happen will be a bloodbath. People will".
Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad said on the forum that, despite UN resolutions, the territory had been invaded and occupied. In his speech, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan criticized the international community for not paying attention to the Kashmir conflict, which, he said, is waiting for a solution for 72 years.
October 1: 9 years old among 144 minors detained
A list of police officers seen by AFP He showed that Indian authorities in occupied Kashmir had arrested 144 minors, including a nine-year-old boy, since the government eliminated the special status of the region in August.
Sixty of the minors were under 15, according to the document presented to a committee appointed by the Supreme Court of India to investigate allegations of illegal detentions. Reasons given by police to detain minors included the throwing of stones, riots and damage to public and private property, the committee said in its report.
October 3: Blocking and repression of communications in force for 2 months
The blockade and the blackout of communications in occupied Kashmir entered its 60th day on October 3, as millions of people remained isolated from the world and concerns about the lack of medical supplies in the area. Dozens of British cashmeremen in London gathered in Parliament Square for a candlelight vigil on the occasion of two months from the date the Indian government revoked article 370.
Meanwhile, Prime Minister Imran warned the people of Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) not to cross the Control Line to support the struggle of the residents of occupied Kashmir.
October 6: the Kashmir party delegation meets with the leaders arrested after 2 months
The Indian administration granted permission to a delegation of the National Conference party to meet with its two main leaders. The meeting with party president Farooq Abdullah and Vice President Omar Abdullah took place in Srinagar.
National Conference spokesman Madan Mantoo said Press Trust of India that the Indian government granted permission after provincial chief Devender Singh Rana made a request to Satya Pal Malik, he held the governor of Jammu and Kashmir.
October 10: India decides to lift the travel notice while residents continue to live under confinement
India set up a travel warning on occupied Kashmir, officials said. "The governor [Satya Pal Malik] He ordered that the notice of the Department of the Interior asking tourists to leave the Valley be lifted immediately. This will be done with effect from October 10, "said an official spokesman as told by India today.
Authorities also released three low-level politicians, Yawar Mir, Noor Mohammed and Shoaib Lone, in occupied Kashmir amid international pressure to ease repression.
October 15: Farooq Abdullah sister, daughter arrested for making & # 39; protest against India & # 39;
The police detained at least 12 women, including the sister and daughter of former busy Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir Farooq Abdullah, for protesting against India.
The women, with signs saying "Respect fundamental rights" and "Why demote Jammu and Kashmir", gathered in a park in Srinagar. The police took them to a nearby police station while trying to march through the main commercial area of Lal Chowk.
October 24: India holds polls in the village council despite the closure and boycott of the parties
The village council elections were held in occupied Kashmir, with the arrest of many conventional local politicians and a boycott by most parties, which raised expectations that the polls would install supporters of BJP.
Indian officials hoped that the election of leaders of more than 300 local councils would lend credibility amid a political vacuum and argued that they would represent local interests better than corrupt political officials at the state level.
Large contingents of police and paramilitary soldiers guarded the polling stations throughout the region. In some places, soldiers patrolled the streets around the polling stations. Police said no violence was reported.
October 29: The visit of the far right MEPs occupied Kashmir when the UN body demands the total restoration of human rights
Nearly 30 MEPs, mainly from far-right parties, were the first international delegation to visit occupied Kashmir since the authorities imposed a security crackdown in August to support the end of the region's autonomy. While the Indian government supported the visit, the European Parliament and the hierarchy of the European Union were not involved, which generated some diplomatic doubts.
Meanwhile, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) expressed "extreme concern" over human rights abuses in occupied Kashmir and asked the Indian authorities to "fully restore" human rights in the territory occupied.
The human rights organization also criticized the Indian judiciary by the way he faces the situation in occupied Kashmir. "The Supreme Court of India has been slow to process petitions concerning habeas corpus, freedom of movement and media restrictions," he said.
October 31: Occupied Kashmir officially loses its special status and divides
Stores and offices were closed in occupied Kashmir and the streets were largely deserted, as federal authorities formally revoked the constitutional autonomy of the restless area and divided it into two federal territories.
Just after midnight on October 30, federal government orders entered into force, dividing Jammu and Kashmir occupied into two union territories; one Jammu and Kashmir, and the other the high altitude region dominated by the Ladakh Buddhists. "Everything changes on Thursday," said a retired judge of Kashmir, Hasnain Masoodi, Member of Parliament of India. “The whole exercise is unconstitutional. The mode and methodology have been antidemocratic. People were humiliated and never consulted. "
November 3: blockade in force for 90 days