The UN meets amid mounting global challenges

As conflicts all over the world, the United Nations becomes increasingly difficult to maintain.

World leaders gathered for the annual meeting this week at the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA).

There is a lot of skepticism about whether the United Nations can still be a forum for change or whether it has become a place to talk.

The conflict between Yemen, Syria and South Sudan is unlikely to stop, but Persian Gulf tensions continue to rise as the United States unilaterally abandoned Iran's nuclear trade. Donald Trump's trade war is also attracting the world economy. And as the climate crisis progresses, the UN seems increasingly unrelated to bringing nations together to solve today's most pressing problems.

The rise of populists and the return of geopolitics suggested that the United Nations is no longer a suitable forum for the purpose of solving the world's most pressing problems.

In the aftermath of World War II and in the remains of the predecessor federation, the United Nations had to be a forum to reduce tensions. But leaders speak more and more versatile or speak to the audience at the UN General Assembly.

While UNGA prepared to convene, Russia refused a resolution against Syria for 13 days.

Together with Russia, Russia, with the support of Moscow and Iran since April, blocked demand from the rest of the Security Council to end bloodshed in Idlib, where the Assad regime had died.

What will the UN member states discuss?

Iran vs. USA

The stage was set for Iran's presidents Hassan Luhani and Trump to compete at UNGA.

Both leaders were expected to take the stage and present an event about who is feeling anxious in the Persian Gulf.

Trump announced at UNGA's podium that "one of the biggest security threats faced by peace-loving countries today is Iran's repressive regime that pleased Israel and Saudi Arabia."

More than half of oil production has been lost this month due to attacks on Saudi oil facilities.

In Yemen, where Saudi Arabia bombed, Houti rebels claimed credit for the attack. But Saudi Arabia, the United States, Germany, the United Kingdom, and France claimed Iran was under attack.

No concrete evidence of linking Iran with the attack was disclosed.

Rouhani and Trump were expected to meet in the UNGA sideline. However, it is not yet clear whether this is possible on both sides, with the aim of gathering strength before the negotiations.

Trump recently said, "You can't stop anything completely, but just because you don't intend to meet Iran doesn't mean it doesn't happen."

Iranian officials argued that the meeting would be possible only if Trump was prepared to exchange sanctions for "permanent surveillance of Iran's nuclear facilities."

French President Emmanual Macron attempted to mediate a bilateral meeting between Trump and Luhany. But this effort seems to be in vain.

Climate crisis

The rebuke of the UN world leaders by climate activist Greta Thunberg once again brought a lot of attention to one of the most pressing challenges facing the world of climate change.

Outside the UN building there will be protests throughout the week, and many will watch Brazilian Presidents Jair Bolsonaro and Trump and what they say or don't say.

Vol'sonaro has already announced that his speech will be different from the speech delivered in the past, while the native leaders of Brazil exclaimed their "colonial and nationalist" policies.

Other development

Emir of Qatar, Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, and Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan opposed the occupation of Palestine Israel.

Erdogan also talked about the humanitarian damage to civilians and the pressures on the neighboring countries of the Syrian War.

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson took the stage at UNGA to take a speech that failed to mention Brexit, focusing on artificial intelligence and the risks and opportunities offered by Iran.

A few hours before Johnson began speaking, the British Supreme Court called his actions “illegal” and made a terrible ruling on the decision to stop parliament for five weeks.

Who is not at UNGA?

UNGA will not be pleased by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who is fighting for his political life this year. Another leader, Venezuelan Nicolas Maduro, who fights for internal and international legitimacy, will not attend the meeting. Russian President Vladimir Putin and Chinese President Xi Jinping will not attend.

Source: TRT World

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