Prince Harry in southern Africa: Where are the world’s landmines?

Prince Harry walking through Angola's minefield

Image copyright
Getty images

As part of his trip to Southern Africa, Harry Prince visits Angola to highlight his ongoing efforts to clear and destroy landmines.

He follows in the footsteps of his mother, Princess Diana, who walks the fields scattered to mines in 1997. Images have become world famous.

Landmines continue to take thousands of lives in dozens of countries. If so, what progress has been made in the world?

Why did Princess Diana visit Angola in 1997?

Image copyright
Getty images

The princess was famous for her charity work, and it always caused it to be unfit for the public eye. She previously opened the UK's first HIV / Aids clinic, for example in 1987. It helped to change the attitude towards the virus.

Raising awareness of landmines was the first major cause of the princess after divorce from Prince Wales in 1996.

Landmines have been widely used for decades.

Many of the unexploded devices left in the war were to intentionally kill and crush those who bombed or triggered bombs.

Image copyright
Getty images

With an amphibian in Angola, her image shows the destruction caused by the device.

During his journey, Prince Harry broke through a partially erased minefield and described it as "a scar of unheard of war."

  • Harry visits Angola minefield in 22 years

What is a land mine and how many people kill and get hurt?

Landmines are explosives. They have an explosion system that is caused by contact and is usually buried just below or above the ground.

There are two main types of mines that kill or injure people and anti-mine mines designed to destroy or neutralize vehicles.

Mine was used in World War I, but its deployment has soared since the 1960s.

Countries with the most casualties in mines in 2017

Random deployment of mines became part of the military strategy, creating a dangerous environment for many. About 60 countries and territories are still contaminated with anti-learn mines.

A study by Landmine Monitor found that between 1999 and 2017, more than 120,000 people were killed or injured by landmines.

Nearly half of the victims are children and 84{7be40b84a6a43fc4fae13304fce9a2695859798abfc41afd127b9f8b21c5f9c5} are boys. Civilians account for 87{7be40b84a6a43fc4fae13304fce9a2695859798abfc41afd127b9f8b21c5f9c5} of casualties.

Image copyright
Getty images

Which country has the most land mines?

Thousands of mines remain in the world.

Angola is one of the most mined places in the world because of the civil war from 1975 to 2002.

The faint charity Halo said that it is not known exactly how many mines there are in the country, but since 1994 it has dismantled about 100,000 people.

Angolan mining authorities say there are about 1,200 minefields.

Removing mines is an expensive and dangerous task. It will now take hundreds of years to completely eradicate it globally.

Other territories with large areas covered with mines are Chad, Afghanistan, Cambodia, Thailand, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Turkey, Iraq, Yemen, and the Western Sahara.

Media playback not supported on the device

Media captionsLandmines: Why kill thousands of people every year?

What are you doing to prevent land mines killing more people?

Princess Diana's participation in the anti-mining project called for a worldwide ban on mines.

In 1997, three months after his death, 122 nations signed the Ottawa Treaty, which banned the use, production, stockpiling and transfer of anti-sweeping mines.

In addition, the state must clear the minefields within 10 years of joining and destroy stockpiles within 4 years.

There are currently 164 countries including the UK. However, the United States, China, India, and Russia, known for their largest stockpiles, are among the 32 UN member states that have not signed.

Cleanup of the anti-inferno mine around the world

Most states have not met their deadlines, and mines are still planted.

The continued use of anti-inferno mines was reported to have not signed a treaty in Myanmar (formerly Burma).

Non-governmental forces such as Boko Haram, who have deployed instant mines in northeastern Nigeria since 2014, also use them.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here