Can Sindh bring 4.2 million children back to school?

On August 3, Syed Sardar Shah, Director of Education and Literacy, announced a school education plan focused on the enrollment of about 4.2 million out-of-school children outside of school. Two days later, he was eliminated from his position, with a major cabinet reorganization, which already had an important portfolio of cabinet, finance, planning and development, and Syed Murad Ali Shah, governor of the Ministry of Education.

Critics say the decision was made because the Department of Education was running without the Department of Education, which lags departments in a number of indicators such as education that measures progress in education, quality and equality, and access to quality and equity. Shows. Article 25-A of the Pakistan Constitution, Synd's Rights to the Sind Freedom and Compulsory Education Act of 2013, a goal set by the UN Sustainable Development Goals.

While all stakeholders, including civil society, bureaucracy, and donor agencies, are trying to overcome the bounce rate, many problems are impeding access to education.

They almost agree with these issues, especially with illiterate and suburban children. But education experts believe that without the help of local governments, these goals can not be achieved.

Latest facts and figures

Last month, in announcing the educational plan at a Cabinet meeting held on August 3, 2019, the Minister of Education Syed Sardar Shah, 49,103 state schools – 44,317 elementary schools, 2,693 elementary schools, 1776 high schools, and 317 high schools – functions across the state . Shah noted that 5,922 lacks facilities such as toilets, boundary walls, electricity, and drinking water.

According to a report issued by Shah before the Cabinet, about 37,705 people lacked basic amenities and services. A total of 7,611 schools did not have a roof, 10,516 operated in a single room and 18,507 housed in 2 classrooms.

The report also found that 18,660 schools were run by one teacher, 12,136 schools had no teachers and 11441 schools had no enrollment. Similarly, about 4.2 million children graduated from school, and 90{7be40b84a6a43fc4fae13304fce9a2695859798abfc41afd127b9f8b21c5f9c5} of teachers could only teach art. However, although the department trained at least 40,000 teachers, there were no changes in school education, so no substantial improvement in teaching methods was observed.

The meeting also highlighted the urgent need for significant changes in textbooks and curriculum. The Cabinet decided to conduct the test in an open space under the surveillance camera.

Not serious

But instead of solving this problem, the minister changed the cabinet. Aside from the program presented by the Minister of Education in the Cabinet, the impact of the department of education on enrolling children out of school was not severe.

The officials, along with the teachers, visited various areas and brought the maximum number of children to the school, but after withdrawing the Minister of Education, the campaign quickly ran out without achieving the goal.

According to the latest report, Sind's Department of Education and Literacy Department enrolled 821,000 children in 2009-10, according to the latest report, the Islamabad-based think tank. Among them, 183,000 children reached level 10 in 2018-19, while the remaining students fell into different classes at different levels. Thus, the dropout rate remained 78{7be40b84a6a43fc4fae13304fce9a2695859798abfc41afd127b9f8b21c5f9c5}.

ISAPS noted that Sind lacked middle, high and high schools. Less than 89{7be40b84a6a43fc4fae13304fce9a2695859798abfc41afd127b9f8b21c5f9c5} compared to primary schools in the state. According to the data, Sindh has 2693 middle schools, 1776 high schools, 317 secondary schools and does not meet the requirements.

The fate of children

This worsening situation has prevented the Sindh government from reducing the percentage of out-of-school children, which has remained nearly the same for the last decade. Sindh has the second largest number of suburban children in Pakistan after Balochistan.

Government records show that 4.2 million of the 12 million children aged 5 to 16 are out of school. Children's Rights to New Free and Compulsory Education in 2013 "All children, regardless of gender and race, must have the fundamental right to receive free and compulsory education at school."

The act becomes more sophisticated. “No one is responsible for paying any costs or costs or costs that would prevent anyone from pursuing and completing school education. Private schools are required to provide free education to 10{7be40b84a6a43fc4fae13304fce9a2695859798abfc41afd127b9f8b21c5f9c5} of their total students. If a child 5 years of age or older does not attend school and is dropped out of school, he or she will be admitted to the class appropriate for his age.

But the strict implementation of the act is still waiting. Local governments need to focus on providing access to education to meet international standards agreements and educational standards, but it seems that this state is far behind other states to meet SDG 4.

Sinds and Goals 4

A report from the ISAPS noted that for the Sind government to meet its sustainable development goals (an intergovernmental agreement set by untitled countries in 2030), local education departments needed 153,567 classrooms over the next decade.

SDG 4 specifically focuses on quality education: “Quality education – ensure quality, comprehensive and impartial education and encourage lifelong learning opportunities.”

The Institute also suggests that the state should recruit 306,492 teachers to meet the goals of free and compulsory education within 10 years. In addition, by 2030, public representatives and community leaders must be engaged to achieve the UN goals of education.

The Sind government should introduce and implement business rules under the Sind Children's Freedom and Compulsory Education Act 2013.

The organization suggests that a compression plan is required to implement the law. In the next 10 years from 2019 to 2030, about 4.2 million children between the ages of 5 and 16 will enter schools at different stages.

Local governments should use their funds effectively and present their quarterly budget before the Sindh General Assembly.

According to the report, 18,660 schools are run by one teacher.




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