WASHINGTON: The army has retained a dominant influence on foreign and security policies in Pakistan, according to a report by the US Congress published on Wednesday. But he also noted that the head of the country's army is a non-political professional.
The report, prepared for US lawmakers by the Bipartisan Congress Research Service (CRS), arises amid growing concern in Washington over the Kashmir dispute. Last week, a group of US experts. UU. He warned that if left unchecked, the Kashmir crisis could lead to another war between the two countries, with dangerous consequences for all, since both nations now have nuclear weapons.
Policy makers in Washington also believe that the army will play a decisive role in determining how Pakistan will respond to the Kashmir crisis and, apparently, that is why the CRS prepared a report for US lawmakers on the role of the army in the Decision-making process.
Noting that the Chief of the Army General Staff, General Qamar Javed Bajwa, received a three-year extension earlier this month, the report added: "He is widely described as professional and not political."
The report noted that although the army had eliminated three civil governments in the past 72 years, it did so "through explicit or implicit presidential orders."
The report said Prime Minister Imran Khan "encouraged many young, urban and middle-class voters by emphasizing the fight against corruption and creating a welfare state that offers better education and medical care."
But his "effort has failed due to the country's acute financial crisis and the need for new foreign loans and government austerity."
However, the PTI government has a comfortable agreement with the military and "most analysts see that Pakistan's military establishment continues to maintain a dominant influence on foreign and security policies," the CRS added.
The report noted that last year's general elections had led to "a dramatic end to the decades-long domination of Pakistan's national policy by two dynastic parties, as the relatively young Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf swept a large plurality of seats. welcome".
In an earlier report, the CRS quoted US officials as saying that vital interests of the United States … related to terrorism, Afghanistan, nuclear proliferation, India, democratization and human rights and economic development "were at stake in Pakistan.
The report expressed concern about the deployment of new nuclear weapons in the region, Pakistan's close strategic and economic partnership with China and emphasized the need for counter-terrorism cooperation with Islamabad.
The report also reviewed Pakistan's economic and fiscal crisis, noting that it is still a poor country with high rates of inflation and unemployment, and sometimes a severe shortage of food, water and energy.
The report noted that the country's economic growth had been solid in recent years, but was well below what was necessary to keep pace with population growth.
Posted on Dawn, August 30, 2019