How to check your pulse and heart rate using a stethoscope and index finger

The pulse or heart rate can be found where the artery is close to the skin. You can use your index or stethoscope to measure your pulse or heart rate.

Here's information on how to accurately check your heart rate.

Why should I check my heart rate?

Heart rate is one of the important signs of health. It measures the number of times your heart contracts or beats per minute. The rate of heart rate tells your heart health. Ideally, the heart rate should be 60-80 per minute, but this can be different due to physical activity, safety threats and emotional reactions.

The difference between heart rate and pulse rate:

Heart rate:

The heart is a muscle pump that pumps blood around the body with each heartbeat. Leaving the heart, the blood first moves along the arteries. Heart rate is the number of times your heart beats in 1 minute.


Pulse is what you feel about the artery as the internal pressure increases with the heartbeat.

Factors affecting your heart rate


At different ages the heart is different.

Fitness and activity levels:

Rate may increase after exercise or physical activity


Smoking can increase your heart rate, strengthen your main arteries, and cause irregular heartbeats.

Cardiovascular disease, high cholesterol or diabetes:

These heart diseases can increase your heart rate.


Warm temperatures make the heart beat faster and put a significant strain on the body.

Position of the body (standing or lying down):

In healthy individuals, the heart rate is the same, whether sitting, standing or lying down. But when I switch to sitting for the first time, my heart rate increases slightly (about 10 bpm). If you stand up really fast and can't see or see dizzy, it's happening. This lasts only a while (10-20 seconds) and the heart rate returns to normal.

emotion :

The heart is also a symbol of our feelings. Changes in emotion have a direct impact on our minds. Feelings such as sadness, depression and job loss can cause heart attacks and heart attacks. Stress can affect risk factors for heart disease, such as high blood pressure.

Body size and height:

Blood pressure and heart rate increase as the height of the male increases, but decreases as the height of the female increases.

drug :

There are many drugs that can lower your heart rate and make it faster.

Body parts that can check your pulse:

1) temporal artery

Right above the temple, next to the head.

2) carotid artery

It is above the collarbone next to the neck.

3) brachial artery

It's inside the arm above the elbow. Look at the arrows in the picture above. There's an artery going to the side of our hand, the brachial artery.

4) radial artery

This artery is well visible on the wrist. Lightly press this artery with your flat finger.

5) Femoral Artery

This artery is located in front of the legs and joins the pelvis.

6) posterior tibia artery

It is on the foot behind the ankle.

7) dorsal pedis artery

It is at the top of the foot.

How to check your pulse and heart rate:

Before measuring your heart rate, you need to rest for at least 10 minutes. You can start the pulse test by following these steps:

  1. Place your forefinger and middle finger on my wrist of the other arm just below the bottom of the thumb. You will feel your fingers knocking or ringing.
  2. To measure the pulse of the neck, place your forefinger and middle finger soft, firm and next to Adam's apple. Press gently until you find the pulse.
  3. When you find your pulse, count the number of taps you feel for 10 seconds and multiply that number by 6 to find your heart rate for 1 minute. Alternatively, you can count bits for 1 minute or count bits for 30 seconds and multiply by two.

In addition to checking the pulse, the doctor can use a stethoscope to hear the opening and closing of the heart valve.

Check your heart rate using a stethoscope:

The pulse of some people is more difficult to get palpation (pressure on the arteries with your fingers) than others. If your doctor is instructed to monitor your heart rate regularly and you have difficulty measuring your pulse in this way, then it will be easier to use a stethoscope instead.

One. To keep time well, take a stethoscope and a clock.

2. Listen to the heart through the chest using a stethoscope.

three. Put the earpiece of the stethoscope in your ear.

4. Touch the chest to the other end of the stethoscope.

5. Place the ear piece on your ear and gently rub the diaphragm side of the stethoscope (the side with a flat piece of plastic) to hear the sound.

6. To put the chest part on the chest, find the virtual line between the nipples.

7. When we hear the sound of the heart, remember the two beats that represent the heart's valves (lub-dub lub-dub) that the heart contracts to pump.

Only one bit is counted in your pulse. The first beat is usually stronger, so it's better to listen to only that beat and tune the first beat.

8. Look at the second hand on the clock / watch and when the second hand reaches one of the five minute markers, it starts counting the number of bits in the scope.

9. When you calculate the whole minute, it is all set and there is a pulse, but in most cases the pulse value is expressed in bits per minute (BPM), so a little calculation is required.

Heart rate in infants or adults:

Newborn 0 months to 1 month: 70-190 beats per minute
1 to 11 months infant: 80-160 beats per minute
1-2 years old children: 80-130 beats per minute
3 to 4 years old children: 80-120 beats per minute
5-6 years old children75-115 beats per minute
Children 7 to 9 years old: 70-110 beats per minute
Children and adults over 10 years old (including seniors): 60-100 beats per minute.
Well trained athlete40 to 60 times per minute

What if my heart rate is faster or lower than normal?

Fast heart rate (tachycardia)

Do you know that your heart can win up to 400 beats per minute? Tachycardia is a fast or irregular heartbeat, usually at least 100 beats per minute and at least 400 beats per minute. Tachycardia can occur in the upper heart chambers (atrial tachycardia) or in the lower heart chambers (ventricular tachycardia).

Causes of fast heart rate

  1. Heart disease High blood pressure (High blood pressure)
  2. Lack of blood supply Cardiac muscle caused by coronary artery disease
  3. Atherosclerosis), heart valve disease, heart attack, Cardiomyopathy (cardiomyopathy), tumor or infection
  4. Other health conditions like Thyroid disease, Certain lung diseases, electrolyte imbalances and alcohol or drug abuse
  5. Emotional stress Or drinking large amounts of alcohol or caffeine drinks

Symptoms of Tachycardia include:

Shortness of breath
Sudden weakness
My heart flutters

Certain conditions can increase your risk of developing tachycardia.

Coronary Artery Disease (Arteriosclerosis)
Heart failure (pumped heart failure)
Heart attack (myocardial infarction)
Congenital heart defects (born)
Inflammatory or degenerative heart conditions
Chronic lung disease

The good news is that not all heartbeats mean heart conditions. Sometimes palpitations are caused by things that make the heart harder, such as stress, illness, dehydration, or exercise.

Slow heart rate (brass)

If the heart is less than 60 times per minute, it is slower than the heart.

A slow heart rate can be normal and healthy. Or there may be a problem with the heart's electrical system. In some people, a slow heartbeat does not cause problems. It may be an indication that it is very suitable. Healthy young men and athletes often have heart rates of less than 60 beats per minute.

Men and women over 65 are more likely to develop a slow heart rate that requires treatment. As a person ages, the electrical system of the heart often does not work normally.

Causes of slow heart rate (bradycardia)?

Low heart rate can be a sign of the heart, which works efficiently. Or, if you are too slow, a low heart rate can cause health problems.

  1. Change of mind as a result Aging.
  2. Diseases that damage the electrical system of the heart. These include Coronary artery disease, Heart attacks and infections, such as endocarditis and myocarditis.
  3. A condition that can slow down the electric shock through the heart. E.g Hypothyroidism Level (hyperthyroidism) or Electrolyte imbalanceIf you have too much potassium in your blood
  4. Some medicines for the treatment of heart problems or hypertension, such as beta blockers antiarrhythmic and digoxin.

Symptoms of tachycardia are:

Feeling dizzy or dizzy.
You feel short of breath and find it harder to exercise.
Heartburn, heart palpitations or fluttering
Confused or have difficulty concentrating
Slow heart rate is faint when blood pressure drops.

To compensate for the slow beating heart, the heart muscle may try to pump harder to meet the body's need for oxygen blood. If your heart muscles work overtime for too long, it can lead to high blood pressure (hypertension) and heart failure. Low heart rate is sometimes paired with hypotension, also known as hypotension. Low blood pressure is also a cause of fainting.

But studies show that bradycardia does not increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, a precursor to heart failure. If you have bradycardia, but do not have other symptoms, treatment may not be necessary. But if you start experiencing frequent symptoms of fainting or frequent feeling, or start experiencing chest pain, tell your doctor.

Heart rate chart by age:

Heart rate chart by child age:

Common questions and answers that people raise:

Where is the best place to feel the pulse?

According to The American Heart Association, the best place to catch a pulse is on the wrist, inside the elbow, next to the neck or on the top of the foot. You can also pulse your groin, temples, or knees. The pulse felt on the neck is called carotid artery pulse.

What is dangerous heart rate?

Normal resting heart rate may vary from person to person, but for most adults it is 60 to 100 beats per minute.

How do you rate your pulse?

Palpation should be performed using the fingertips and intensity of the pulses graded on a scale of 0 to 4+: 0, indicating no palpable pulse; 1+, which represents a faint but detectable pulse; Suggest a pulse slightly reduced than 2+ normal; 3 + is a normal pulse. 4 + indicates a boundary pulse.

What is the normal heart rate in an adult?

Normal resting heart rate in adults is 60 to 100 beats per minute. In general, a low heart rate at rest improves heart function more efficiently and improves cardiovascular health. For example, a well-trained athlete can have a normal resting heart rate of close to 40 beats per minute.

What is the heart rate?

It is true that some areas of the heart muscle begin to die due to lack of blood, but depending on the type of heart attack in the patient, the pulse can be slow (heart rate) (normal heart rate is 60 to 100 beats per minute).

What is normal blood pressure and heart rate?

The optimal blood pressure is usually 120 mm Hg systolic blood pressure-the pressure at which the heart relaxes-80 mm Hg diastolic blood pressure-the pressure when the heart is relaxed. For resting heart rate, the goal is 60 to 100 beats per minute (bpm).

Which pulse is the weakest?

The pulse point with the largest amplitude is the common carotid artery and the pulse point with the smallest amplitude is the dorsal artery.

Dangerous Heart Attack?

It is true that some areas of the heart muscle begin to die due to lack of blood, but depending on the type of heart attack in the patient, the pulse can be slow (heart rate) (normal heart rate is 60 to 100 beats per minute).

Hope you like the article, share this knowledge with others and help others to know more about their minds and stay healthy.

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